Toward the end of the Persian Gulf War in 1991, the U.S. State Department told the press Saddam Hussein had ordered for the burning of roughly 140 of Kuwait's oil wells in what described as a "scorched-earth" policy "of environmental destruction and economic sabotage". The 'Dallas Morning News' reminded readers "scorched earth" was "a term that recalled Adolf Hitler's final orders for the destruction of Germany in 1945. 'Scorched-earth' is usually seen as a loser's attempt to devastate the land and make the spoils of war worthless to the victor." 

'The Los Angeles Times' noted in April 1991 BBC 'Wildlife' said it had taken some 1.6 billion gallons of sea water to put the fire from the burning oil wells out. However the use of sea water meant that the land would then be covered with salt, threatening ground-water supplies. It was also reported the soot (carbon particles) and oil vapor released from the burning oil wells had fallen to earth, turning almost one third of Kuwait's land into "tarcrete" which could be found buried under toxic, plant-killing desert sand. 

In July 1991, Diana turned 30 and was said to have "evolved into full-fledged Royalty and queen-in-waiting". Nigel Dempster of the 'Daily Mail' hailed Diana "a stunning success" because Diana had "this extraordinary natural talent" for the role of Princess of Wales. Nigel observed Diana "stumbled onto it (the role), it (the role) stumbled onto her. It is a perfect case of a round peg finding a round hole."

Diana was also credited for projecting the British Monarchy into the 20th century "and she might just have saved the Royal family's future standing as constitutional monarchs of this country (the United Kingdom)." Diana had told "half the (British) viewing population" in 1995, "I would like a monarchy that has more contact with its people . . . (and) I just say that as what I see and hear and feel on a daily basis in the role I have chosen for myself." Simon Hoggart of the 'Observer' told Associated Press in 1991, "The idea of this deep-thinking sage (Prince Charles) married to this ditsy, bebopping bubblehead (Diana) is wrong. They are much closer in brain power than people think." In 1990, Diana reportedly undertook 323 public engagements and was Patron of some 69 charities.

In September 1991, Diana went to Pakistan on a 4-day visit. At Islamabad Airport, Abida Hussein greeted Diana. As reported "Princess Diana scanned Pakistan's battle-scarred border with Afghanistan. A fleet of jeeps with mounted machine guns escorted her entourage through the Khyber Pass, the narrow corridor where the armies of Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan and the British were decimated by fearless Pathan tribesman who still rule the area. Fortress-like homes line the coiling, 35-mile road. Sandbags – remnants of the last tribal feud – are strewn everywhere. At Michni Point, the last outpost, the Princess looked down into Afghanistan and the border village of Torkham, where a medium-range Scud missile hit."

In December 1992, John Major announced Prince Charles and Diana would to separate. Lord Blake clarified on the constitutional implication, "If the Queen dies tomorrow Prince Charles would automatically become king and he will become king the moment she dies. Princess Diana, assuming there has been no divorce, she would automatically has the title of Queen Consort. Nothing could stop that. It is, of course usually, always has been, customary for coronation to apply both to the new king and his queen consort but it will be very difficult to imagine that happening in a case where they were separated. It would look ridiculous, absurd, and divisive and it's hard to imagine it occurring."

In August 1993, Diana went to Indonesia on a 4-day private vacation, visiting Bali and Sumbawa Island, according to immigration spokesman Hario Subayu. It was reported Diana flew by chartered Canadian plane via Sri Lanka. Back in 1989, over 1000 Indonesians reportedly crowded a leprosy hospital in Jakarta to meet Diana who was seeing shaking hands with patients suffering from Hansen's disease (also known as leprosy). Dr. Broto Wasisto described Diana's action as "a great example to all of us."

In June 1994, Prince Charles told 13.5 million British viewers in a 2½-hour television documentary he had renewed his relationship with Camilla Parker-Bowles in 1986 after his fairy tale marriage to Diana had become "irretrievably broken down, us both having tried." In October 1994, Anna Pasternak's book, 'Princess In Love' went on sale. James Hewitt recounted years later, "Diana told me that she has discussed our relationship (began in 1989) with her husband. It was a tacit understanding between Diana and Charles that I was a part of her life in the same way that Mrs Parker-Bowles was part of Prince Charles' life. Not only that, I'm suggesting that it was understood by those who are political authority over us and security and the household, the Royal household. You know, those 3 factions knew about, they knew the extent of the relationship, yet nothing was done, no approaches made to stop it. Now, that to me means that there is some kind of approval."

University history professor, Jean Hunter, told the 'Pittsburgh Post-Gazette' in 1997, "We Americans are just interested in the British Royal family, and we have been for years. We have celebrity but no royalty, so it's something strange to us. Yet, it's so accessible to us because of our other cultural similarities." Katharine Graham of the 'Washington Post' added, "Princess Diana and I were improbable friends – women almost 2 generations apart, from dissimilar backgrounds, working and living in different spheres . . . If you spent time with her, you felt Diana's extraordinary strength, as well as her vulnerability and her somewhat mocking and ever-present humor . . . I freely admit I was among the millions who got up at 5:00am to watch her going through the huge, public, fairy tale-like ceremony (in 1981). She was a star from the beginning . . . But we all soon learned that the fairy tale had no happy ending. Jacqueline Onassis was the only parallel to Diana in this country (the United States)."

In October 1997, Queen Elizabeth II went to Pakistan on a 6-day Royal visit to mark the 50th anniversary of Pakistan's independence from Great Britain. At a dinner hosted by then Pakistan President Farooq Leghari, Her Majesty expressed, "I pay tribute here to the work in Pakistan during the life of Diana, Princess of Wales." As reported, "Created as a homeland for the Muslims of the Asian subcontinent, Pakistan was carved from a larger India when the British left." Back in September 1991, Diana visited a medical center that treated refugee children from Afghanistan as well as a private family planning clinic. At the time, "Family planning and birth control are sensitive subjects in Pakistan, home to 120 million people. It has a birth rate of 3.2%, one of the world's highest."

Janet Laithwaite, the training director of the Relate marriage counselling centers in 1991 believed part of Diana's appeal were "her availability to anyone, her openness to other people, her acceptance of others." As Queen of England, Her Majesty was also the "defender of the faith and supreme governor of the Church of England." Hugo Vickers argued, "She, in fact, I think becomes more valuable as the Queen the longer that she lives because she got a fantastic memory and so she has this huge sort of historical database of materials that she can bring into play at any point. The Queen won't abdicate, and she must not abdicate. There's absolutely no reason for her to abdicate and indeed constitutionally and religiously she cannot abdicate. She is an anointed Queen." Christopher Wilson made the observation, "Diana was tremendously clever at picking evocative subjects, whether it be AIDS or land mines, she would attract public attention to it like iron filing to a magnet."

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